Facts about Great wall of China

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The Great Wall of China

The wall begins on the North-Eastern coast of China, 0n the coast of the Bohai Sea, which is west of the Yellow Sea, which is west of Korea, which is west of Japan – to give you an idea of the geography of this place. The Wall begins on the coast of the Bohai Sea at almost exactly 40 degrees north (of the Equator) Lattitude.

Yet if you see the map of China today, China occupies vast lands up to a Thousand miles (=1600 km) BEYOND the great wall. Over the centuries, the wall continued to be built, strengthened and extended westwards.

The Great Wall was very effective and served its purpose fully. Because of the Great Wall, the internal heartland of China prospered. Great Art forms developed. Silk was invented. Paper was invented. Printing was invented. Gunpowder was invented.

The geographical heartland of China is also very well defined. The HAN Chinese heartland is the geographical area south of the Great Wall of China. What could define a border more clearly and emphatically than a massive wall built by the Govt. / King / Emperor? The Great Wall of China began to be built by the Emperor of ancient HAN China, named ShiHuangDi of the Chin (also known as Quin) Dynasty in 206 BCE. The country’s name China comes from the name Chin, the dynasty which first unified China’s warring provinces, about 100 years after our ancient Emperor Asoka was continuing to do the same thing in India, a process that was started by his grandfather Chandragupta Maurya as directed by his guru Chanakya in order to be able to face Alexander the Great, who came up to the western banks of the Sutlej river in 326 BCE. 

The great wall begins almost from the coast of the gulf of Chihli north of the Yellow sea from the town of Chinwangtao, which is 40 degrees north of the equator and 105 degrees east of Greenwich. The wall goes considerably northward, north of Beijing, and extends up to Kinta which is 97.5 degrees east of Greenwich at the same 40 degrees north latitude as Chinwangtao. North of Chinwangtao is the sparsely populated, so called “autonomous’ region of Inner Mongolia. The large ‘autonomous’ region of Manchuria, the far north-east corner of China, is also outside the wall. So as per ancient Chinese policy (of Emperor), Inner Mongolia and Manchuria were not part of China, though today they are. The wall is not a straight line, but bends extensively northwards and/or southwards to inklood (=include) lands and territory under China's HAN rulers. The straight line distance between the eastern-most point and western-most of the wall is 1500 miles (2450 km). The actual length of the wall measured along the wall itself is 8850 km==5500 miles.

The point of all this is that the wall which was purpose built to protect the HAN from the hated Mongols and Manchus by keeping them confined north of the wall, the HAN have now swallowed the Mongol and Manchu territories, which were and are north of the Great Wall, into the Chinese Republic. The Mongol and Manchu people living in these lands are distinctly different from the HAN Chinese. Beyond the western end of the wall is the sparsely populated Sinkiang-Uighur ‘autonomous’ region (earlier known as Eastern Turkestan) in the eastern part of which is located Lop Nor, China’s nuclear testing site. This region is peopled by Uighur people who are largely Islamic and racially distinctly different from HAN. Southwards from Kinta is the Tsinghai ‘autonomous’ region and further south are the Tibet and the Chamdo ‘autonomous’ regions which border India. 

In short, the land area of HAN Chinese is one-third of the total land under Chinese govt., but the population of HAN Chinese is over 75% of the total population under Chinese govt. simply because the HAN region is very productive while the ‘autonomous’ regions are deserts and / or high, snow clad mountains, where very little grows and very few live. The (unstated?) credo of the HAN govt. is: The HAN must dominate. To this end the Chinese govt. encourages HAN people to settle in these ‘autonomous’ regions, and gives various subsidies and benefits to HAN settlers. Feeling of HAN security is strengthened by posting retiring HAN defense personnel to these regions as their last posting and encouraging them to settle there. Subsidies are given to HAN Chinese marrying local women and spreading the HAN gene. This is Law of Nature which the Chinese govt. is following. But the stoopid Indian govt. is doing exactly the opposite. 

These measures taken by the Chinese govt. have been hugely successful. Today there are more HAN people in Tibet than Tibetans; more HAN people in Sinkiang than Uighurs; more HAN people in Inner Mongolia than Mongols and more HAN people in Manchuria than Manchus. The HAN dominate everywhere. There have been protests and bloodshed on this issue in Tibet, Sinkiang, Uighur and elsewhere. Yet the HAN dominate. This is Chinese state policy, declared or undeclared. It is also Law of Nature. 

What can we learn from this? One man learnt it or maybe knew it even before the HAN implemented it in China. It was Pratap Singh Kairon, the powerful Chief Minister of un-divided Punjab in the fifties/sixties, which included Haryana and Himachal at that time. Kairon asked Nehru to merge Kashmir with Punjab. Nehru did not agree and today we are suffering for it. If Nehru had agreed, Kairon would have settled all Sardars retiring from the Army into the Kashmir region of Punjab and we would not have a Kashmir problem today. This is what the Chinese have done by settling HAN in ‘autonomous’ regions. India has failed, but China has succeeded because they have followed LAW OF NATURE!

In China, hand in hand with this, has been progress. The railroad to Lhasa is one example of this. The vast network of railways and roadways to these far flung ‘autonomous’ regions brings development as well as HAN domination. However much we may chatter about these developments, the Chinese govt. has succeeded. 

Dealing with China is a different issue. China is today very assertive. To deal with any entity, whether assertive or not, we must first find common ground. What is common between India and China? Of course we have a common border, but that is the problem and the border issue is what we have to resolve. 

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